How to Perform CPR for Adults, Children, and Infants

How to Perform CPR for Adults, Children, and Infants

Mar 01, 2024

Every second counts in a medical emergency. Giving CPR is a lifesaving skill that can sustain someone’s life until expert help from the emergency room arrives. It takes expert techniques and training to perform CPR precisely on adults, children, and infants. This essential guide will equip you with the knowledge to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if a loved one or stranger experiences sudden cardiac arrest or stops breathing. Though nothing replaces an active CPR certification, understanding the fundamentals ahead of time can help build confidence to take action. With these techniques, you can provide lifesaving assistance until emergency medical services from our emergency room near you get on the scene. When faced with an emergency, the skills and techniques reviewed in this guide may assist in sustaining a life until professional help is available.  

Understanding CPR

CPR is a lifesaving skill used in emergencies when someone’s heartbeat or breathing has stopped. Its history dates back to the 1700s, but modern CPR was developed in the 20th century. Getting trained and certified in CPR is crucial, as it equips individuals with the skills to respond effectively in life-threatening situations. 

CPR for Adults

When an adult is unresponsive, first check their responsiveness and call for emergency services immediately. For effective CPR:

  1. Place your hands correctly on the center of the chest.
  2. Ensure proper body positioning for maximum efficiency.
  3. Press down hard and fast, aiming for a compression rate of 100-120 compressions per minute.
  4. If trained, incorporate rescue breaths. Remember, maintaining stamina and avoiding common errors, like not pressing deeply enough, are vital. 

CPR for Children (Ages 1-8)

CPR for children differs slightly from that for adults:

  1. Ensure the safety of the environment.
  2. Use one hand for compressions with a slightly gentler technique.
  3. The ratio of compressions to breaths varies; it’s typically 30:2. Adapting the approach for smaller children is necessary, and being aware of safety precautions is crucial. 

CPR for Infants (Under 1 Year)

Infant CPR is delicate:

  1. Perform safety checks and call for emergency services.
  2. Use two fingers for chest compressions.
  3. Give gentle breaths, covering the infant’s mouth and nose. Handling an infant carefully during CPR is paramount, and additional tips include being gentle yet firm in your actions. 

Advanced CPR Techniques

Advanced CPR techniques build upon the fundamentals and can make a difference in extremely critical situations. While basic CPR skills aim to maintain blood flow and oxygen until emergency help arrives, certain circumstances require quick action and specialized knowledge. Understanding advanced CPR methods equips you to take lifesaving measures in challenging scenarios.

This section will cover advanced CPR techniques such as using an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), providing CPR during specific emergencies like drowning or choking, performing CPR on pregnant women, and adapting CPR for people with special needs or pre-existing conditions. The legal conditions of giving emergency assistance with Good Samaritan laws will also be discussed.

With advanced CPR skills, you are able to stay calm and take immediate action if someone experiences cardiac arrest or other life-threatening events. While basic techniques form the core foundation, expanding your knowledge empowers you to think critically and make informed decisions. Just as with standard CPR, taking the time to get properly trained in advanced methods is essential. 

CPR Training and Certification

Hands-on training is the best way to learn CPR. You can find certification courses at local hospitals, community centers, or through online platforms. Keeping your CPR skills updated is as important as learning them. 


Knowing CPR is invaluable. We encourage you to seek training and certification, preparing yourself to save lives. Ascent Emergency Room in Houston is specially equipped to handle critical situations related to the heart. By learning CPR, you’re not just gaining a skill but equipping yourself to be a potential lifesaver. Whether you’re in Houston or elsewhere, finding a reliable ER or training center for CPR takes you a step closer to making a significant difference in emergency situations. Remember, every second counts in emergencies, and your knowledge of CPR could be the key to saving a life.

Are you looking for an emergency room in Houston, TX? At Ascent Emergency Room, we care about your health and their emergency needs. We are located just a little away from you and provide exceptional and comprehensive emergency care appointments for the surrounding Houston area:

  • (Southampton) University Place
  • Rice Village
  • Bellaire
  • Old Braeswood
  • Gridiron
  • Brookhaven
  • Southside
  • Riverside Terrace
  • Greater Third Ward
  • Greater Eastwood
  • East Downtown
  • Midtown
  • Montrose
  • Westmoreland Houston
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